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ColorConvertOp.java

/* ColorConvertOp.java --
   Copyright (C) 2004, 2006  Free Software Foundation

This file is part of GNU Classpath.

GNU Classpath is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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02110-1301 USA.

Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
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As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give you
permission to link this library with independent modules to produce an
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package java.awt.image;

import gnu.java.awt.Buffers;

import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.Point;
import java.awt.RenderingHints;
import java.awt.color.ColorSpace;
import java.awt.color.ICC_ColorSpace;
import java.awt.color.ICC_Profile;
import java.awt.geom.Point2D;
import java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D;

/**
 * ColorConvertOp is a filter for converting images or rasters between
 * colorspaces, either through a sequence of colorspaces or just from source to 
 * destination.
 * 
 * Color conversion is done on the color components without alpha.  Thus
 * if a BufferedImage has alpha premultiplied, this is divided out before
 * color conversion, and premultiplication applied if the destination
 * requires it.
 * 
 * Color rendering and dithering hints may be applied if specified.  This is
 * likely platform-dependent.
 * 
 * @author jlquinn@optonline.net
 */
00067 public class ColorConvertOp implements BufferedImageOp, RasterOp
{
  private RenderingHints hints;
  private ICC_Profile[] profiles = null;
  private ColorSpace[] spaces;
  

  /**
   * Convert a BufferedImage through a ColorSpace.
   * 
   * Objects created with this constructor can be used to convert
   * BufferedImage's to a destination ColorSpace.  Attempts to convert Rasters
   * with this constructor will result in an IllegalArgumentException when the
   * filter(Raster, WritableRaster) method is called.  
   * 
   * @param cspace The target color space.
   * @param hints Rendering hints to use in conversion, if any (may be null)
   * @throws NullPointerException if the ColorSpace is null.
   */
00086   public ColorConvertOp(ColorSpace cspace, RenderingHints hints)
  {
    if (cspace == null)
      throw new NullPointerException();
    spaces = new ColorSpace[]{cspace};
    this.hints = hints;
  }
  
  /**
   * Convert from a source colorspace to a destination colorspace.
   * 
   * This constructor takes two ColorSpace arguments as the source and
   * destination color spaces.  It is usually used with the
   * filter(Raster, WritableRaster) method, in which case the source colorspace 
   * is assumed to correspond to the source Raster, and the destination 
   * colorspace with the destination Raster.
   * 
   * If used with BufferedImages that do not match the source or destination 
   * colorspaces specified here, there is an implicit conversion from the 
   * source image to the source ColorSpace, or the destination ColorSpace to 
   * the destination image.
   * 
   * @param srcCspace The source ColorSpace.
   * @param dstCspace The destination ColorSpace.
   * @param hints Rendering hints to use in conversion, if any (may be null).
   * @throws NullPointerException if any ColorSpace is null.
   */
00113   public ColorConvertOp(ColorSpace srcCspace, ColorSpace dstCspace,
                  RenderingHints hints)
  {
    if (srcCspace == null || dstCspace == null)
      throw new NullPointerException();
    spaces = new ColorSpace[]{srcCspace, dstCspace};
    this.hints = hints;     
  }

  /**
   * Convert from a source colorspace to a destinatino colorspace.
   * 
   * This constructor builds a ColorConvertOp from an array of ICC_Profiles.
   * The source will be converted through the sequence of color spaces
   * defined by the profiles.  If the sequence of profiles doesn't give a
   * well-defined conversion, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.
   * 
   * If used with BufferedImages that do not match the source or destination 
   * colorspaces specified here, there is an implicit conversion from the 
   * source image to the source ColorSpace, or the destination ColorSpace to 
   * the destination image.
   * 
   * For Rasters, the first and last profiles must have the same number of
   * bands as the source and destination Rasters, respectively.  If this is
   * not the case, or there fewer than 2 profiles, an IllegalArgumentException
   * will be thrown. 
   * 
   * @param profiles An array of ICC_Profile's to convert through.
   * @param hints Rendering hints to use in conversion, if any (may be null).
   * @throws NullPointerException if the profile array is null.
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the array is not a well-defined
   *            conversion.
   */
00146   public ColorConvertOp(ICC_Profile[] profiles, RenderingHints hints)
  {
    if (profiles == null)
      throw new NullPointerException();
    
    this.hints = hints; 
    this.profiles = profiles;
    
    // Create colorspace array with space for src and dest colorspace
    // Note that the ICC_ColorSpace constructor will throw an
    // IllegalArgumentException if the profile is invalid; thus we check
    // for a "well defined conversion"
    spaces = new ColorSpace[profiles.length];
    for (int i = 0; i < profiles.length; i++)
      spaces[i] = new ICC_ColorSpace(profiles[i]);
  }
  
  /**
   * Convert from source color space to destination color space.
   * 
   * Only valid for BufferedImage objects, this Op converts from the source
   * image's color space to the destination image's color space.
   * 
   * The destination in the filter(BufferedImage, BufferedImage) method cannot 
   * be null for this operation, and it also cannot be used with the
   * filter(Raster, WritableRaster) method.
   * 
   * @param hints Rendering hints to use in conversion, if any (may be null).
   */
00175   public ColorConvertOp(RenderingHints hints)
  {
    this.hints = hints;
    spaces = new ColorSpace[0];
  }
  
  /**
   * Converts the source image using the conversion path specified in the
   * constructor.  The resulting image is stored in the destination image if one
   * is provided; otherwise a new BufferedImage is created and returned. 
   * 
   * The source and destination BufferedImage (if one is supplied) must have
   * the same dimensions.
   *
   * @param src The source image.
   * @param dst The destination image.
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the rasters and/or color spaces are
   *            incompatible.
   * @return The transformed image.
   */
00195   public final BufferedImage filter(BufferedImage src, BufferedImage dst)
  {
    // TODO: The plan is to create a scanline buffer for intermediate buffers.
    // For now we just suck it up and create intermediate buffers.
    
    if (dst == null && spaces.length == 0)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Not enough color space information "
                                         + "to complete conversion.");

    if (dst != null
        && (src.getHeight() != dst.getHeight() || src.getWidth() != dst.getWidth()))
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Source and destination images have "
                                         + "different dimensions");

    // Make sure input isn't premultiplied by alpha
    if (src.isAlphaPremultiplied())
      {
        BufferedImage tmp = createCompatibleDestImage(src, src.getColorModel());
        copyimage(src, tmp);
        tmp.coerceData(false);
        src = tmp;
      }

    // Convert through defined intermediate conversions
    BufferedImage tmp;
    for (int i = 0; i < spaces.length; i++)
      {
        if (src.getColorModel().getColorSpace().getType() != spaces[i].getType())
          {
            tmp = createCompatibleDestImage(src,
                                            createCompatibleColorModel(src,
                                                                       spaces[i]));
            copyimage(src, tmp);
            src = tmp;
          }
      }

    // No implicit conversion to destination type needed; return result from the
    // last intermediate conversions (which was left in src)
    if (dst == null)
      dst = src;

    // Implicit conversion to destination image's color space
    else
      copyimage(src, dst);

    return dst;
  }

  /**
   * Converts the source raster using the conversion path specified in the
   * constructor.  The resulting raster is stored in the destination raster if
   * one is provided; otherwise a new WritableRaster is created and returned.
   * 
   * This operation is not valid with every constructor of this class; see
   * the constructors for details.  Further, the source raster must have the
   * same number of bands as the source ColorSpace, and the destination raster
   * must have the same number of bands as the destination ColorSpace.
   * 
   * The source and destination raster (if one is supplied) must also have the
   * same dimensions.
   *
   * @param src The source raster.
   * @param dest The destination raster.
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the rasters and/or color spaces are
   *            incompatible.
   * @return The transformed raster.
   */
00263   public final WritableRaster filter(Raster src, WritableRaster dest)
  {
    // Various checks to ensure that the rasters and color spaces are compatible
    if (spaces.length < 2)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Not enough information about " +
            "source and destination colorspaces.");

    if (spaces[0].getNumComponents() != src.getNumBands()
        || (dest != null && spaces[spaces.length - 1].getNumComponents() != dest.getNumBands()))
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Source or destination raster " +
            "contains the wrong number of bands.");

    if (dest != null
        && (src.getHeight() != dest.getHeight() || src.getWidth() != dest.getWidth()))
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Source and destination rasters " +
            "have different dimensions");

    // Need to iterate through each color space.
    // spaces[0] corresponds to the ColorSpace of the source raster, and
    // spaces[spaces.length - 1] corresponds to the ColorSpace of the
    // destination, with any number (or zero) of intermediate conversions.

    for (int i = 0; i < spaces.length - 2; i++)
      {
        WritableRaster tmp = createCompatibleDestRaster(src, spaces[i + 1],
                                                        false,
                                                        src.getTransferType());
        copyraster(src, spaces[i], tmp, spaces[i + 1]);
        src = tmp;
      }

    // The last conversion is done outside of the loop so that we can
    // use the dest raster supplied, instead of creating our own temp raster
    if (dest == null)
      dest = createCompatibleDestRaster(src, spaces[spaces.length - 1], false,
                                        DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);
    copyraster(src, spaces[spaces.length - 2], dest, spaces[spaces.length - 1]);

    return dest;
  }

  /**
   * Creates an empty BufferedImage with the size equal to the source and the
   * correct number of bands for the conversion defined in this Op. The newly 
   * created image is created with the specified ColorModel, or if no ColorModel
   * is supplied, an appropriate one is chosen.
   *
   * @param src The source image.
   * @param dstCM A color model for the destination image (may be null).
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if an appropriate colormodel cannot be
   *            chosen with the information given.
   * @return The new compatible destination image.
   */
00316   public BufferedImage createCompatibleDestImage(BufferedImage src,
                         ColorModel dstCM)
  {
    if (dstCM == null && spaces.length == 0)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Don't know the destination " +
            "colormodel");

    if (dstCM == null)
      {
        dstCM = createCompatibleColorModel(src, spaces[spaces.length - 1]);
      }

    return new BufferedImage(dstCM,
                             createCompatibleDestRaster(src.getRaster(),
                                                        dstCM.getColorSpace(),
                                                        src.getColorModel().hasAlpha(),
                                                        dstCM.getTransferType()),
                             src.isAlphaPremultiplied(), null);
  }
  
  /**
   * Creates a new WritableRaster with the size equal to the source and the
   * correct number of bands.
   * 
   * Note, the new Raster will always use a BYTE storage size, regardless of
   * the color model or defined destination; this is for compatibility with
   * the reference implementation.
   *
   * @param src The source Raster.
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if there isn't enough colorspace
   *            information to create a compatible Raster.
   * @return The new compatible destination raster.
   */
00349   public WritableRaster createCompatibleDestRaster(Raster src)
  {
    if (spaces.length < 2)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Not enough destination colorspace " +
            "information");

    // Create a new raster with the last ColorSpace in the conversion
    // chain, and with no alpha (implied)
    return createCompatibleDestRaster(src, spaces[spaces.length-1], false,
                                      DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);
  }

  /**
   * Returns the array of ICC_Profiles used to create this Op, or null if the
   * Op was created using ColorSpace arguments.
   * 
   * @return The array of ICC_Profiles, or null.
   */
00367   public final ICC_Profile[] getICC_Profiles()
  {
    return profiles;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the rendering hints for this op.
   * 
   * @return The rendering hints for this Op, or null.
   */
00377   public final RenderingHints getRenderingHints()
  {
    return hints;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the corresponding destination point for a source point.
   * Because this is not a geometric operation, the destination and source
   * points will be identical.
   * 
   * @param src The source point.
   * @param dst The transformed destination point.
   * @return The transformed destination point.
   */
00391   public final Point2D getPoint2D(Point2D src, Point2D dst)
  {
    if (dst == null)
      return (Point2D)src.clone();
    
    dst.setLocation(src);
    return dst;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the corresponding destination boundary of a source boundary.
   * Because this is not a geometric operation, the destination and source
   * boundaries will be identical.
   * 
   * @param src The source boundary.
   * @return The boundaries of the destination.
   */
00408   public final Rectangle2D getBounds2D(BufferedImage src)
  {
    return src.getRaster().getBounds();
  }

  /**
   * Returns the corresponding destination boundary of a source boundary.
   * Because this is not a geometric operation, the destination and source
   * boundaries will be identical.
   * 
   * @param src The source boundary.
   * @return The boundaries of the destination.
   */
00421   public final Rectangle2D getBounds2D(Raster src)
  {
    return src.getBounds();
  }

  /**
   * Copy a source image to a destination image, respecting their colorspaces 
   * and performing colorspace conversions if necessary.  
   * 
   * @param src The source image.
   * @param dst The destination image.
   */
00433   private void copyimage(BufferedImage src, BufferedImage dst)
  {
    // This is done using Graphics2D in order to respect the rendering hints.
    Graphics2D gg = dst.createGraphics();
    
    // If no hints are set there is no need to call
    // setRenderingHints on the Graphics2D object.
    if (hints != null)
      gg.setRenderingHints(hints);
    
    gg.drawImage(src, 0, 0, null);
    gg.dispose();
  }
  
  /**
   * Copy a source raster to a destination raster, performing a colorspace
   * conversion between the two.  The conversion will respect the
   * KEY_COLOR_RENDERING rendering hint if one is present.
   * 
   * @param src The source raster.
   * @param scs The colorspace of the source raster.
   * @dst The destination raster.
   * @dcs The colorspace of the destination raster.
   */
00457   private void copyraster(Raster src, ColorSpace scs, WritableRaster dst, ColorSpace dcs)
  {
    float[] sbuf = new float[src.getNumBands()];
    
    if (hints != null
        && hints.get(RenderingHints.KEY_COLOR_RENDERING) ==
                 RenderingHints.VALUE_COLOR_RENDER_QUALITY)
    {
      // use cie for accuracy
      for (int y = src.getMinY(); y < src.getHeight() + src.getMinY(); y++)
        for (int x = src.getMinX(); x < src.getWidth() + src.getMinX(); x++)
          dst.setPixel(x, y,
                   dcs.fromCIEXYZ(scs.toCIEXYZ(src.getPixel(x, y, sbuf))));
    }
    else
    {
      // use rgb - it's probably faster
      for (int y = src.getMinY(); y < src.getHeight() + src.getMinY(); y++)
        for (int x = src.getMinX(); x < src.getWidth() + src.getMinX(); x++)
          dst.setPixel(x, y,
                   dcs.fromRGB(scs.toRGB(src.getPixel(x, y, sbuf))));
    }
  }

  /**
   * This method creates a color model with the same colorspace and alpha
   * settings as the source image.  The created color model will always be a
   * ComponentColorModel and have a BYTE transfer type.
   * 
   * @param img The source image.
   * @param cs The ColorSpace to use.
   * @return A color model compatible with the source image.
   */ 
00490   private ColorModel createCompatibleColorModel(BufferedImage img, ColorSpace cs)
  {
    // The choice of ComponentColorModel and DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE is based on
    // Mauve testing of the reference implementation.
    return new ComponentColorModel(cs,
                                   img.getColorModel().hasAlpha(), 
                                   img.isAlphaPremultiplied(),
                                   img.getColorModel().getTransparency(),
                                   DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);    
  }

  /**
   * This method creates a compatible Raster, given a source raster, colorspace,
   * alpha value, and transfer type.
   * 
   * @param src The source raster.
   * @param cs The ColorSpace to use.
   * @param hasAlpha Whether the raster should include a component for an alpha.
   * @param transferType The size of a single data element.
   * @return A compatible WritableRaster. 
   */
00511   private WritableRaster createCompatibleDestRaster(Raster src, ColorSpace cs,
                                                    boolean hasAlpha,
                                                    int transferType)
  {
    // The use of a PixelInterleavedSampleModel weas determined using mauve
    // tests, based on the reference implementation
    
    int numComponents = cs.getNumComponents();
    if (hasAlpha)
      numComponents++;
    
    int[] offsets = new int[numComponents];
    for (int i = 0; i < offsets.length; i++)
      offsets[i] = i;

    DataBuffer db = Buffers.createBuffer(transferType,
                                         src.getWidth() * src.getHeight() * numComponents,
                                         1);
    return new WritableRaster(new PixelInterleavedSampleModel(transferType,
                                                              src.getWidth(),
                                                              src.getHeight(),
                                                              numComponents,
                                                              numComponents * src.getWidth(),
                                                              offsets),
                              db, new Point(src.getMinX(), src.getMinY()));
  }
}

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